5th Conference on Ground Control in Mining, Morgantown, West Virginia, June 1986
Authors: H. N. Maleki and J. F. T. Agapito (AAI), and R. G. Lauman and J. Hatrick (Plateau Mining Company)

This paper presents a field evaluation of six tailgate secondary support systems, with the objective of optimizing support efficiency for maintaining open gate roads. Support systems consisted of a combination of three wooden crib configurations, with either tension rebars or truss bolts. The effectiveness of the support systems was evaluated through measurements of ground movements, support load, and observations along 2000 linear ft of a tailgate. It was concluded that floor heave, crib width to height ratio, cribbing pattern, and support spacing have significant impact on tailgate stability and access after the passage of the first longwall face. Guidelines were suggested for selection of secondary support for other applications.

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